Drinking alcohol - part and parcel of the ancient Egyptian Civilisation

Which Country consumes the most pure alcohol per capita?

Czechia or the Czech Republic, the land locked European nation has a national heritage of drinking, and beer is what they consider a drink that builds beautiful bodies and the beer industry is part of their national heritage.

Czechia has the highest per capita consumption of pure alcohol of all countries of the World. Liters of pure alcohol consumed per capita per year in Czechia is 14.3 and Americans don't feature in this list of top 10 countries.

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Drinking Alcohol began way ahead of any written history


Drinking has been an integral part of the Egyptian Civilisation since the earliest recorded archeological evidence. Residual traces of fermentation found in the ruins of the Egyptian city Hierakonpolis, has been linked to early brewing of alcohol. Brewing in

Hierakonpolis began as early as 3400 BC and the ruins are evidence of the oldest brewery ever found and had an estimated capacity of producing as much as 300 Gallons of beer per day.
Egyptians believed Osiris the widely worshiped Egyptian god had invented beer. Thus beer was considered an essential part of their lives.




Vessels from the predynastic period (4th millennium BC) Vessels from the predynastic period (4th millennium BC)








Shesmu - The God of Blood and Wine - source Wikipedia Shesmu - The God of Blood and Wine - source Wikipedia




In ancient Egypt, beer and wine were both worshipped and offered to gods


Even the cellars and wine presses had a patron god, the Demon God Shesmu .

Shesmu , the “Lord of the Blood”. It is said that on Oisiris's order, he would chop off the heads of the evil doers and toss them into a winepress to create Blood wine, in a fashion similar to grape wine.
Shesmu (alternatively Schesmu and Shezmu) is an ancient Egyptian deity with a contradictory character. He was worshiped from the early Old Kingdom period.

He was considered a god of ointments, perfume, and wine. In this role, he was associated with festivities, dancing, and singing. But he was also considered a god of blood, who could slaughter and dismember other deities. It is thought possible that the ancient Egyptians used red wine to symbolize blood in religious offerings, explaining why Shesmu is associated with both blood and wine. - Wikipedia






The pharaohs sure loved their drink


There were at least 17 types of Beer and 24 varieties of Wine produced in ancient Egypt.

The most common was Hqt or Beer

Beer was generally known as Hqt (“heqet” or “heket”) to ancient Egyptians, but was also called “tnmw” (“tenemu”) and there was a type of beer known as haAmt (“kha-ahmet”). The determinative of the word Hqt (beer) was a beer jug. - Ancient Egypt Online

According to financial records of Giza pyramid builders, beer was the common drink served to the labours. They were allotted a daily ration of one and one third gallons.

Beer and wine had a myriad application, they drank in pleasure, drank in rituals, drank as medicines, drank for nutrition and even remunerations were paid in beer or wine.

The wines found in tombs also suggests that they stored beverages in tombs of the deceased for their use in the after-life.




 Egyptian hieroglyphics depict the pouring out of beer. Egyptian hieroglyphics depict the pouring out of beer.








lack granite statue of the Goddess Sekhmet excavated in Thebes in the Ramesseum 1405-1367 BCE (Late 18th Dynasty) Egypt Penn Museum




Egyptian Beer was more nutritious than intoxicating


In the Egyptian Society, beer was enjoyed by both adults and children. It was the stable drink of the poor and wealthy alike. Gods were offered beer, and beer appears in offerings list and was part of the Offering Formula of ancient Egypt.

There is evidence that the staple beer of ancient Egypt was not particularly intoxicating, rather it was nutritious, thick and sweet. But when used in offerings and in rituals, evidence shows that the same beer could be made to be very intoxicating too. participants in the festivals of Bast, Sekhmet and Hathor would get very drunk as part of their worship of these goddesses.





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  • Any Glass

    When there is no specific glass suggested for a cocktail, it's up to you to chose a glass.
    Either you just go ahead and serve using any glass available to you following these simple rules
    A. Go for Tall or Collins Glasses, Highball Glasses or even Hurricane Glasses for cocktails with loads of non-alcoholic mixes, and those that require crushed or cubed ices,
    B. But if your cocktail is aromatic and liqueur based, and has a complex character that must reach the nose use a wide mouthed Cocktail Glass.
    C. Red Wine Glasses for cocktails that have a Red Wine as the base spirit. Red Wine Glasses have a wider mouth and a long stem, so that the wine can be swirled an aerated to release the aroma while the long stem keeps the fingers away and avoid quick warming of the wine.
    D. White Wine Glasses for cocktails with a White Wine base, since White Wines must not be aerated as much as a Red Wines, since they oxidise fast when in contact with air, White Wine glassware, in contrast to the wide mouthed bowl of a Red Wine Glassware, is narrow with a narrow mouth. A White Wine has much lighter and delicate notes and the narrow mouth and less surface area in contact with air helps retain the aroma.
    E. If your cocktail is based on a Sparkling Wine like Champagne then a Flute Glass is more suitable since a Sparkling Wine is a White Wine with a secondary fermentation that produces the bubbles, and the narrow mouth flute prevents the bubbles from escaping.
    F. If it's winter and you are in the mood for some hot cocktails like the Irish Coffee or Hot Toddy, go for the Irish Coffee Glass, it has a heat resistant glass and a handle.
    G. Martini Glasses for Martinis or "Tinis" in general, but since these glasses have fallen off of favour these days, a Cocktail Glass will be good too.
    H. IF you are serving Margaritas, don't look for Margarita Glass if you don't have one at home, Double Old Fashioned Glass or other glasses are more common these days, for serving Margaritas.
    I. If you are the adventurous one, and are serving shots or shooters, of course the Shot Glass is your choice of glass,
    J. Finally, if you are going all out and serving depth charges and car bomb shots, all you need is a Double Old Fashioned Glass or a Beer Mug for the beer and a shot glass to drop the bomb in.

  • Simple Guide to Cocktail Glassware

    When there is no specific glass suggested for a cocktail, it's up to you to chose a glass.
    Either you just go ahead and serve using any glass available to you following these simple rules
    A. Go for Tall or Collins Glasses, Highball Glasses or even Hurricane Glasses for cocktails with loads of non-alcoholic mixes, and those that require crushed or cubed ices,
    B. But if your cocktail is aromatic and liqueur based, and has a complex character that must reach the nose use a wide mouthed Cocktail Glass.
    C. Red Wine Glasses for cocktails that have a Red Wine as the base spirit. Red Wine Glasses have a wider mouth and a long stem, so that the wine can be swirled an aerated to release the aroma while the long stem keeps the fingers away and avoid quick warming of the wine.
    D. White Wine Glasses for cocktails with a White Wine base, since White Wines must not be aerated as much as a Red Wines, since they oxidise fast when in contact with air, White Wine glassware, in contrast to the wide mouthed bowl of a Red Wine Glassware, is narrow with a narrow mouth. A White Wine has much lighter and delicate notes and the narrow mouth and less surface area in contact with air helps retain the aroma.
    E. If your cocktail is based on a Sparkling Wine like Champagne then a Flute Glass is more suitable since a Sparkling Wine is a White Wine with a secondary fermentation that produces the bubbles, and the narrow mouth flute prevents the bubbles from escaping.
    F. If it's winter and you are in the mood for some hot cocktails like the Irish Coffee or Hot Toddy, go for the Irish Coffee Glass, it has a heat resistant glass and a handle.
    G. Martini Glasses for Martinis or "Tinis" in general, but since these glasses have fallen off of favour these days, a Cocktail Glass will be good too.
    H. IF you are serving Margaritas, don't look for Margarita Glass if you don't have one at home, Double Old Fashioned Glass or other glasses are more common these days, for serving Margaritas.
    I. If you are the adventurous one, and are serving shots or shooters, of course the Shot Glass is your choice of glass,
    J. Finally, if you are going all out and serving depth charges and car bomb shots, all you need is a Double Old Fashioned Glass or a Beer Mug for the beer and a shot glass to drop the bomb in.

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