Did the homo sapien settle down just to drink beer peacefully? Research indicates the possibility

What is the story of Betsy's Braces and the origin of the word Cocktail?

It is a popular rumour that a barmaid named Betsy, served a mixed drink in her tavern, during the Revolutionary War. The drink she made was called Betsy's Braces and it is said to have been popular with American and French soldiers. According to this legend Betsy’s tavern was located near Hall's Corners in New York.

It is rumoured that the French soldiers coined the term cocktail that follows an anecdotal incident.

There is a story say that American soldiers stole male pheasants from their British counterparts and celebrated this at the Tavern. It is said at the time of the toast one of the American soldiers proclaimed "Here's to divine liquor which tastes as delicious to the palate as the cock's tails are beautiful to the eye." This was followed by the French reply "Vive le cocktail!"

A story, but a great one indeed



The social animal that we are, we are socially constrained as well


This is probably what kept our early species alive and codependence provided with the bond needed to survive. But what was this social constraint, that kept the early homo species from disintegrating and instead kept them in herds?

It was Alcohol, a substance that predates even the earliest species of human. Humans have a long history of brewing and consuming alcoholic benerages, a practice that might have spanned over and beyond 9000 years. No one knows how the very first alcoholic beverage was brewed or fermented, the best guess would be, like every other early invention, it was an accident too.

Jeffrey P. Kahn  ( author of Angst: Origins of Anxiety and Depression ) mentions that the practice of consuming alcohol predates the primeval human species , it began with our primate forefathers consuming fermented fruits. Some researches also suggest that , since alcohol consumption in the form of fermented fruits predated agriculture, the desire for fermented fruits provided the social stimulus to settle down together and grow plants and fruits that could be fermented and consumed, else in a sparsely populated planet with plenty of wild flora and fauna to feed upon, agriculture would be unthinkable for years to come.

Thus, we may fairly conclude that the human race settled down to cultivate grains all right, not for bread but for beer instead.








Our early ancestors braved predators to climb down from their trees, but, for what?


Alcohol or Ethanol is a chemical ,which if consumed in a moderate amount, can make you happy and leave you less stressed, since it helps in releasing dopamine, endorphins and serotonin in the brain, the neurotransmitter chemicals that literally help the nerves to transmit electric pulses better by diffusing across the nerve endings and synapses when released by the nerves at the arrival of an impulse.

Our primate ancestors correctly identified what caused this "lubrication" of the nervous system and the relaxation of nerves and muscle fibres that ensues, and one step at a time, took bold steps down the trees to eat more and more of those fermenting fruits that fell from the same tree they called home!

Researches suggest that our love for alcohol is a part of the evolutionary process we have been through. No other animal have this trait in their genes.  The ancestors that took the risk to taste those fallen fruits, enjoyed the effect of the alcohol in them too, and with evolution while they were separating themselves from the other two great apes (  Hominidae/great apes  branched into Homininae and Orangutans and then the Honininae further branched into Humans or the Homo genus, Chimpanzee and Gorilla )  they carried their experience of fermented fruit consumption with them, and later along the evolution of the Homo genus, that habit or experience led to farming and producing grains to ferment and produce alcohol.

Thanks to our ancestors, we the modern human race do not need to look back when it comes to our alcohol.






Alcohol or to be specific beer formed the basis of civilisation.


The social constraint we created that kept the herd together was not just for food, it was something more valuable, it was happiness and wellness of the mind, and alcohol was the elixir.

The role of Alcohol is not only limited to enjoyment of life, historically alcoholic drinks played an important role as a source of nutrients. They have also been used as medicines for their analgesic, antiseptic and other medicinal properties.

Ancient alcohol helped create the basis of Civilisation, of settling down to cultivate. Humans have made alcoholic beverages long before our recorded history.

The oldest brewery found so far, is in a cave near Haifa, in todays Israel. Historians found traces of wheat and barley based beer like alcohol in mortars carved on the cave floor. This is so far, the oldest found beer in human history. It is said that this almost 13,000 years old beer found in this prehistoric burial site, might have been used as part of a ritual to honor the dead.








An ancient history of drinking


Archaeologists and Historians have found evidence of this fermented beverage in early Egyptian, Chinese and Indian civilisations.

Since alcohol has a very long history, we shall split the amusing history of alcohol into ancient, medieval and modern history of alcohol.






The Ancient Era (period 3000 BC AD 500)


The history of our favourite drink will be continued in our next post, where we shall pick up our ancestors, now comfortably down from their trees, settled into early civilisations and having found better ways of brewing their elixir, alcohol.

Part One of the Ancient Era begins with Ancient China. Read it here.




  • Any Glass

    When there is no specific glass suggested for a cocktail, it's up to you to chose a glass.
    Either you just go ahead and serve using any glass available to you following these simple rules
    A. Go for Tall or Collins Glasses, Highball Glasses or even Hurricane Glasses for cocktails with loads of non-alcoholic mixes, and those that require crushed or cubed ices,
    B. But if your cocktail is aromatic and liqueur based, and has a complex character that must reach the nose use a wide mouthed Cocktail Glass.
    C. Red Wine Glasses for cocktails that have a Red Wine as the base spirit. Red Wine Glasses have a wider mouth and a long stem, so that the wine can be swirled an aerated to release the aroma while the long stem keeps the fingers away and avoid quick warming of the wine.
    D. White Wine Glasses for cocktails with a White Wine base, since White Wines must not be aerated as much as a Red Wines, since they oxidise fast when in contact with air, White Wine glassware, in contrast to the wide mouthed bowl of a Red Wine Glassware, is narrow with a narrow mouth. A White Wine has much lighter and delicate notes and the narrow mouth and less surface area in contact with air helps retain the aroma.
    E. If your cocktail is based on a Sparkling Wine like Champagne then a Flute Glass is more suitable since a Sparkling Wine is a White Wine with a secondary fermentation that produces the bubbles, and the narrow mouth flute prevents the bubbles from escaping.
    F. If it's winter and you are in the mood for some hot cocktails like the Irish Coffee or Hot Toddy, go for the Irish Coffee Glass, it has a heat resistant glass and a handle.
    G. Martini Glasses for Martinis or "Tinis" in general, but since these glasses have fallen off of favour these days, a Cocktail Glass will be good too.
    H. IF you are serving Margaritas, don't look for Margarita Glass if you don't have one at home, Double Old Fashioned Glass or other glasses are more common these days, for serving Margaritas.
    I. If you are the adventurous one, and are serving shots or shooters, of course the Shot Glass is your choice of glass,
    J. Finally, if you are going all out and serving depth charges and car bomb shots, all you need is a Double Old Fashioned Glass or a Beer Mug for the beer and a shot glass to drop the bomb in.

  • Simple Guide to Cocktail Glassware

    When there is no specific glass suggested for a cocktail, it's up to you to chose a glass.
    Either you just go ahead and serve using any glass available to you following these simple rules
    A. Go for Tall or Collins Glasses, Highball Glasses or even Hurricane Glasses for cocktails with loads of non-alcoholic mixes, and those that require crushed or cubed ices,
    B. But if your cocktail is aromatic and liqueur based, and has a complex character that must reach the nose use a wide mouthed Cocktail Glass.
    C. Red Wine Glasses for cocktails that have a Red Wine as the base spirit. Red Wine Glasses have a wider mouth and a long stem, so that the wine can be swirled an aerated to release the aroma while the long stem keeps the fingers away and avoid quick warming of the wine.
    D. White Wine Glasses for cocktails with a White Wine base, since White Wines must not be aerated as much as a Red Wines, since they oxidise fast when in contact with air, White Wine glassware, in contrast to the wide mouthed bowl of a Red Wine Glassware, is narrow with a narrow mouth. A White Wine has much lighter and delicate notes and the narrow mouth and less surface area in contact with air helps retain the aroma.
    E. If your cocktail is based on a Sparkling Wine like Champagne then a Flute Glass is more suitable since a Sparkling Wine is a White Wine with a secondary fermentation that produces the bubbles, and the narrow mouth flute prevents the bubbles from escaping.
    F. If it's winter and you are in the mood for some hot cocktails like the Irish Coffee or Hot Toddy, go for the Irish Coffee Glass, it has a heat resistant glass and a handle.
    G. Martini Glasses for Martinis or "Tinis" in general, but since these glasses have fallen off of favour these days, a Cocktail Glass will be good too.
    H. IF you are serving Margaritas, don't look for Margarita Glass if you don't have one at home, Double Old Fashioned Glass or other glasses are more common these days, for serving Margaritas.
    I. If you are the adventurous one, and are serving shots or shooters, of course the Shot Glass is your choice of glass,
    J. Finally, if you are going all out and serving depth charges and car bomb shots, all you need is a Double Old Fashioned Glass or a Beer Mug for the beer and a shot glass to drop the bomb in.

"

Please Note All Recipes and Articles on this site are for entertainment and general information only. None of it is to be considered final or absolutely correct or medical in nature.

All photos used are representative and don't reflect the actual look of a cocktail. Representative Cocktail Photos are watermarked with FreePik logo and are mostly random cocktail images from FreePik.
Contact Us using the Email Contact on the Sidebar if you think any Copyrighted photo has been unintentionally used on this site, and we'll take remedial action.
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About Us

Neel B and Mani, we are a team of two, originally from India and the United States. We are professional software engineers and passionate cocktail enthusiasts. We built this app because we saw a need for a more comprehensive and user-friendly way to find cocktails and bartending recipes. We hope you enjoy using our app as much as we enjoyed making it!

We decided to use our technology skills to help others who were in the same position as us and wanted to experiment with making cocktails at home but didn\u2019t know where to start. We have been working together for more than two years and has managed to collect an extensive library of recipes as well as tips and tricks for making the perfect cocktail.

Neel B is an Electronics and Telecommunications Engineer and martial arts and fitness enthusiast. He is an avid reader, compulsive doodler, and painter. His love for cocktails arises from the art in it and the history that traces the ups and downs of modern civilisation over centuries.

Mani is an ERP and SaaS developer and architect by day and a cocktail enthusiast in her leisure. She holds a Masters in Computer Application and Programming. In addition to writing stories on the history of cocktails and alcohol, she has a special interest in cocktails in literature. She believes that the perfect cocktail can make any moment special.

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  • Overproof Rum
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  • Margarita Mix Cranberry
  • Vodka Cooler Smirnoff Ice Triple Black
  • Bols Gold Strike Cinnamon Liqueur
  • Of Orange
  • Sour Puss
  • Cream Soda
  • Vermouth, Sweet
  • Baja Rosa Other
  • Absolut Vodka Or Absolut Citron Vodka
  • Hungarian Pear
  • Serving Nesquik Chocolate Powder
  • Bacardi Coco
  • Alize Gold Passion Red
  • Honey
  • Canada Dry Ginger Ale
  • Black Currant Squash
  • Macks Julebrus, Or Any Sweet, Red Raspberry Soda
  • Sauza Tequila
Easy Cocktail RecipesEasy Cocktail Recipes

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